“EN BY I RUSLAND”: DANISH TRAVELLER’S IDEA OF EARLY MODERN RUSSIA (Based on the travel diary of Just Juel, 1709–1711)

Authors

  • Iryna Papa Ukrainian Catholic University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15407/mics2019.06.083

Keywords:

«En by i Rusland», Just Juel, travel diary, European periphery, 18th century, early modern Russia, Danish diplomatic mission

Abstract

This article deals with the concept of the periphery and its definition in the early 18th century. According to Peter Burke and his reflections in «History and Social theory», the known dichotomy «centre-periphery» (I. Wallerstein) can be employed in historical studies, not only in political or economic research. Therefore we aim to analyze the travel diary written by the Danish ambassador Just Juel within his diplomatic mission to Muscovy (1709–1711) and outline his main impressions and conclusions on the early-modern Russian cities and other «issues» (e.g. road infrastructure, economy, communication systems, architecture, food market) which later contribute to the image of Russia in the early modern epoch. This ego-narrative contains some prevailing views of Russia as the European periphery: distant, uncivilized, poorly connected with the rest of the continent, economically and politically underdeveloped country. Also, this travel account shapes peculiar Danish perception of the early-modern Petrine Russia and its location on the mental map.

References

Artamonov, V. (1987). Rossiya i evropeyskie strany v gody Severnoy voyny. Istoriya diplomaticheskikh otnosheniy v 1697–1710 gg. Voprosy istorii, (9), 136–140.

Artamonov, V. (1990). Rossiya i Rech Pospolitaya posle Poltavskoy pobedy (1709–1714). Moskva, SSSR: Nauka.

Beller, M. & Leerssen, J. (Eds.) (2007). Imagology. The cultural construction and literary representation of national characters. A critical survey. Studia imagological. Amsterdam Studies on Cultural Identity, (13), 3–16.

Bogdanov, A. (2003). Vneshnyaya politika Rossii i evropeyskaya pechat 1676–1689 gg. Voprosy istorii, (4), 26–46.

Brodel, F. (1997). Materialna tsyvilizatsiia, ekonomika i kapitalizm, XV–XVIII st. T. 1. Kyiv, Ukraina: Osnovy.

Burke P. (1993). History and Social theory. Ithaca & New York, NY: Cornell University Press.

Busch, T. (2008). Connecting an Empire: Eighteenth-Century Russian Roads, from Peter to Catherine. The Journal of Transport History, 29(2), 240–258.

Calaresu, M. (2007). From the Street to Stereotype: Urban Space, Travel and the Picturesque in Late Eighteenth-Century Naples. Italian Studies, 62(2), 189-203.

Chernysheva, O. V. (Red.) (1996). Istoriya Danii s drevneyshikh vremen do nachala XX veka. Moskva, Rossiya: Nauka.

Cracraft, J. & Rowland, D. B. (Eds.) (2003). Architectures of Russian identity, 1500 to the present. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Danielsen J. (1975). Just Juels rejse til Moskva 1709–1711. København, Danmark.

Dintselbakher, P. (Red.) (2004). Istoriia evropeiskoi mentalnosty. Lviv, Ukraina: Litopys.

Dinzelbacher, P. (1993). Europäische Mentalitätsgeschichte, Hauptthemen in Einzeldarstellungen (Kröners Taschenausgabe). Stuttgart, Deutschland: Alfred Kröner Verlag.

Ebert, R. (2003). Re-Creating Constantinople: The Imperial Gaze of Seventeenth-Century Hapsburg Travel Writers upon the City at the Bosphorus. Pacific Coast Philology, (38), 116–131.

Epstein, S. (2001). Town and country in Europe, 1300–1800. In Themes in international urban history, 5. Cambridge-New York, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Feygina, S. (1951). Vneshnyaya politika Rossii v kontse Severnoy voyny i Alandskiy kongress: avtoref. dis. d-ra ist. nauk. In-t istorii Akad. nauk SSSR. Moskva, SSSR: [b.i.].

Feygina, S. (1955). Po stranitsam zarubezhnykh issledovaniy vneshney politiki Rossii v XVI—XVIII vekakh. Voprosy istorii, (12), 204–211.

Feygina, S. (1959). Alandskiy kongress: Vneshnyaya politika Rossii v kontse Severnoy voyny. Moskva, SSSR: Izd-vo AN SSSR.

Forsten, G. (1884). Borba iz-za gospodstva na Baltiyskom more v XV i XVI stoletiyakh. Sankt-Peterburg, Rossiyskaya imperiya: Tip. I. N. Skorokhodova.

Forsten, G. (1893,1894). Baltiyskiy vopros v XVI i XVII stoletiyakh (1544–1648). T. 1, 2. Sankt-Peterburg, Rossiyskaya imperiya: Tip. V. S. Balasheva i K°.

Houses of Wood, Houses of Stone: On Constructing a Modern Town in Early Modern Kalmar (2018). In M. Naum & F. Ekengren (Eds.) Facing Otherness in Early Modern Sweden: Travel, Migration and Material Transformations, 1500–1800. Woodbridge, Suffolk, UK; Rochester, NY, USA: Boydell & Brewer.

Juel, J. & Grove, G. L. (1893). En Rejse til Rusland under Tsar Peter, Dagbogsoptegnelser af Viceadmiral Just Juel, dansk Gesandt i Rusland 1709–1711. København, Danmark: Gyldendlske Boghandels Forlag (F. Hegel & Son).

Keep, J. (1956). Bandits and the Law in Muscovy. The Slavonic and East European Review, 35(84), 201–222. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/4204801.

Khaven fon, P. (2007). Puteshestvie v Rossiyu. Sankt-Peterburg, Rossiya: Vsemirnoe Slovo.

Kjærgaard, T. (1994). The Danish Revolution, 1500–1800, an Ecohistorical Interpretation. Studies in Environment and History. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Kouri, E. I. & Olesen, J. E. (2016) Cambridge History of Scandinavia. Vol. 2 (pp. 392-416). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Kozintseva, R. (1970). Istochniki po istorii russko-skandinavskikh otnosheniy v Arkhive Leningradskogo otdeleniya Instituta istorii SSSR. V Istoricheskie svyazi Skandinavii i Rossii IX–XX vv. Sb. statey (ss. 342-355). Leningrad, SSSR: Nauka.

Lemberg, H. (1985). Zur Entstehung des Osteuropabegriffs im 19. Jahrhundert Vom “Norden” zum “Osten” Europas. Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas. Neue Folge, 33 (1), 48–49.

Lieven, D. (2006). Russia as empire and periphery. In D. Lieven (Ed.) The Cambridge History of Russia. Vol. 2 (pp. 7–26). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mironov, B. (2012). Gorod iz derevni: chetyresta let rossiyskoy urbanizatsii. Otechestvennye zapiski, 3 (48), 259-276.

Møller P.U. (1997). The Russians as seen by three Danish travellers in the first half of the eighteenth century: Juel, Æreboe, von Haven. In Reciprocal Images: Russian Culture in The Mirror of Travellers' Accounts. Culture & history (pp. 48-66). Oslo, Norway: Scandinavian University Press.

Møller, P. U. (1993). Hvordan russerne er. Et stykke dansk mentalitetshistorie. In S. A. Christensen & H. Gottlieb (Eds.) Danmark og Rusland i 500 år. (ss. 104-131). København, Dаnmark: SNU.

Monga, L. (1998). Crime and the Road: A Survey of Sixteenth-Century Travel Journals. Renaissance and Reformation / Renaissance Et Réforme, 22 (2), 5–17.

Nekrasov, G. (1972). Arkhivy SSSR i ikh znachenie dlya issledovaniya russko-skandinavskikh otnosheniy i istorii skandinavskikh stran i Finlyandii XIV–XIX vv. V Skandinavskiy sbornik. T. XVII. Tallin, SSSR: Eesti Raamat.

Neumann, I. (1999). Uses of the Other. The ‟East” in European Identity Formation. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Nitz, H.-J. (1993). The Early-modern World-system in Geographical Perspective. Erdkundliches Wissen (pp. 265-296). Stuttgart, Deutschland: Franz Steiner.

Platonova, N. (2007). Russian Postal Service in the 18th century. In Post Offices of Europe, 18th–21th centuries: A Comparative History (pp. 115-125). Paris, France: Comité pour l’Histoire de la Poste.

Poe, M. (1995). Foreign Descriptions of Muscovy: an Analytic Bibliography of Primary And Secondary Sources. Columbus, OН: Slavica Publishers.

Polievktov, M. (1907). Baltiyskiy vopros v russkoy politike posle Nishtadtskogo mira (1721–1725 gg.). Sankt-Peterburg, Rossiyskaya imperiya: Tip. M. A. Aleksandrova.

Rydén, G. (2012). Viewing and Walking: Swedish Visitors to Eighteenth-Century London. Journal of Urban History, 39 (2), 255–274.

Schenk, F. (2002). Mental Maps. Die Konstruktion von geographischen Räumen in Europa seit der Aufklärung. Geschichte Und Gesellschaft, 28 (3), 493–514.

Schobesberger, N., Arblaster, P., Infelise, M., Belo, A., Moxham, N., Espejo, C., & Raymond, J. (2016). European Postal Networks. In N. Moxham & J. Raymond (Eds.) News Networks in Early Modern Europe (pp. 19–63). Leiden-Boston: Brill. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1163/j.ctt1w8h1ng.9

Shaskolskiy, I. (1994). Russkaya morskaya torgovlya na Baltike v XVII v. (Torgovlya so Shvetsiey). Sankt-Peterburg, Rossiya: Nauka.

Sterlikova, A. (2008). Rossiya i evropeyskie strany k seredine Severnoy voyny (1714–1715). Vestnik Leningradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. A. S. Pushkina, (4), 56–69.

Sterlikova, A. (2009). Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya v Yevrope v kontse Severnoy voyny. Vestnik Leningradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. A. S. Pushkina. Ser. Istoriya, (3), 80–91.

Sterlikova, A. (2015). Vneshnyaya politika i diplomatiya Rossii perioda Severnoy voyny v otechestvennoy istoriografii. Vestnik Leningradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. A. S. Pushkina, 2(4), 61–68.

Ulfeldt, Ya. (2002). Puteshestvie v Rossiyu. Moskva, Rossiya: Yazyki slavyanskoy kultury.

Vozgrin V. Ye. (1982). Istochniki po russko-skandinavskim otnosheniyam XVI–XVIII vekov. V Rukopisnye istochniki po istorii Zapadnoy Yevropy v arkhive Leningradskogo otdeleniya Instituta istorii SSSR. Leningrad, SSSR: Nauka.

Vozgrin, V. (1982). Svedeniya o Rossii ХVI–ХVIII vv. v perepiske datskikh poslov. V Arkheograficheskiy ezhegodnik za 1981 g. (ss 148-151). Moskva, SSSR: Nauka.

Vozgrin, V. (1986). Rossiya i evropeyskie strany v gody Severnoy voyny: Istoriya diplomat. otnosheniy v 1697–1710 gg. Leningrad, SSSR: Nauka.

Wolff, L. (1996). Inventing Eastern Europe, the map of civilization on the mind of the Enlightenment (Chapter 4). London, UK: Stanford University Press.

Yepifanov, P. (1971). Rossiya v Severnoy voyne. Voprosy istorii, (6), 116–129; (7), 117–134.

Yul Yust (2001). Zapiski datskogo poslannika v Rossii pri Petre Velikom. V Lavry Poltavy. Istoriya Rossii i doma Romanovykh v memuarakh sovremennikov XVII–XX vv. Moskva, Rossiya: Fond Sergeya Dubova.

Yul, Yu. (1900). Zapiski Yusta Yulya, datskogo poslannika pri Petre Velikom (1709-1711). Moskva, Rossiyskaya imperiya: Universitetskaya tipografiya.

Published

2019-04-10

How to Cite

Papa, I. (2019). “EN BY I RUSLAND”: DANISH TRAVELLER’S IDEA OF EARLY MODERN RUSSIA (Based on the travel diary of Just Juel, 1709–1711). City History, Culture, Society, (6), 83–95. https://doi.org/10.15407/mics2019.06.083

Issue

Section

Early Modern City