THE PRIVATE PAPER MONEY CIRCULATING IN THE UKRAINIAN CITIES DURING THE REVOLUTION OF 1917-1921: THE SOURCE CRITIQUE OF THE OUTWARD SIGNS

Authors

  • Yevheniya Shyshkina National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute"
  • Yaroslav Motenko National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute"

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15407/mics2019.06.053

Keywords:

paper bonds, privet paper money, source critique of outward signs, obverse, reverse

Abstract

In the paper, the historiography of the problem is examined. The critique of the privet paper money which was circulating in the Ukrainian lands in 1917–1921 is conducted. The characteristics of such critique are shown and its distinctions from the critique of the state paper money are identified. The external signs of the bonds’ obverse and reverse are analyzed. The heraldic, emblematic, iconographic, sphragistics, neographic, filigree, ornamental, chronological and metrological elements of the Ukrainian privet paper money appearance are investigated and the role of these features is identified. The emblems, seals, imprints, signatures, series, numbers, dates are pointed out to be the most informative signs of the privet paper money. So, in the article, the great significance of the sphragistics, neographic and chronological data is underlined. By means of the text analysis, the issuers of bonds are identified. The
critique of the bonds’ external features also showed the reasons for emission, the emitters’ guarantees and the scale of the privet paper money circulation.

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Published

2019-04-10

How to Cite

Shyshkina, Y., & Motenko, Y. (2019). THE PRIVATE PAPER MONEY CIRCULATING IN THE UKRAINIAN CITIES DURING THE REVOLUTION OF 1917-1921: THE SOURCE CRITIQUE OF THE OUTWARD SIGNS. City History, Culture, Society, (6), 53–64. https://doi.org/10.15407/mics2019.06.053

Issue

Section

Sources for Urban History: Publication and Critics