ABSTRACT OF PRACTICAL ACTIVITY OF A WORKGROUP ON «DECOMMUNIZATION» OF PUBLIC AREA OF THE TOWN OF VINNYTSIA: HISTORIAN’S VIEW

Authors

  • Tatiana Karoyeva Vinnytsia State Pedagogical University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15407/mics2017.02.196

Keywords:

decommunization, Vinnytsia, toponymical system, toponym, commemoration

Abstract

The article deals with practical activity of the workgroup created in order to
administer the Law of Ukraine «On condemnation of totalitarian regimes in
Ukraine and prohibition of propaganda of their insignia» within the town of
Vinnytsia. The workgroup had to reveal objects containing communist and
Soviet insignia that exists in the public urban area, to work out advice and
propositions as to replacing town toponyms containing insignia of communist
the totalitarian regime with new names.
The article content is arranged in the following blocks: a) creation of the
workgroup; b) decision-making algorithm (from historians’ point of view);
c) scientific grounds of historian group activity; d) selection of objects for
further discussion; e) procedure of discussion of proposed new toponyms.
Six historians residing in Vinnytsia were introduced into the workgroup.
They belong to various generations and represent both governmental and
public organizations. The following principles have been defined for organizing
of the historian group activity:

- toleration (provides for respectful attitude towards various canons of
historic memory except for Soviet-communist one);
- historicism (due regard to be paid not only to the past but to current
tendencies and challenges of the future as well);
- education (the activity has to promote dialogs between various social
groups and formation of unified collective memory);
- local topicality with a view to the formation of unified image/brand of the
town.
Several approaches to practical activity on replacing of toponyms have
been developed in order to ensure smooth work process. They were intended
to be used simultaneously or in sequence depending on the actual situation but
every proposal was concerned from the proposed standpoints in line with all
the following approaches:
- historicity (provides for restoration of historical names of places and
implementation of historical and urban practical methods of representation
of the town history in toponymy);
- commemoration (this approach traditionally provides for drawing attention
to the formation of ethnic and national identity and cultural matrix
of the nation, but in the course of solving of nation-wide problems Vinnytsia
historian group strived to be oriented to the identity of local urban
community);
- locality (conformity of toponyms to peculiarities of nature, history,
economics and culture of Vinnytsia, Bratslavshchyna, and Podillia regions);
- concreteness (provides for conformity of a toponym to its actual local
(in line with toponym’s scale) circumstances (geographical, biological,
industrial, cultural, religious, personological etc.);
- actualization (due regard to be paid to the necessity of drawing attention
to certain events and persons that, as a rule, are not of the nationwide
scale).
Out of total 836 town place names, 147 toponyms (85 names) have been
replaced with new ones and reasoning for 5 names (12 toponyms) has been
changed. Thus decommunization encompassed 19% of the town toponymical
system.

References

Derzhavnyi arkhiv Vinnytskoi oblasti, f. R-230, op. 3, spr. 65.

Derzhavnyi arkhiv Vinnytskoi oblasti, f. R-1312s, op.1s, spr.

Putevoditel i spravochnik po g. Vinnitse s kalendarem na 1911 g. (1911). Vinnitsa, Rossiyskaya imperiya: tipografiya R. B. Shera

Published

2017-10-25

How to Cite

Karoyeva, T. (2017). ABSTRACT OF PRACTICAL ACTIVITY OF A WORKGROUP ON «DECOMMUNIZATION» OF PUBLIC AREA OF THE TOWN OF VINNYTSIA: HISTORIAN’S VIEW. City History, Culture, Society, (2), 196–206. https://doi.org/10.15407/mics2017.02.196

Issue

Section

Decommunization and the City