• Khrystyna Semeryn Independent researcher



Revolution of Dignity, Euromaidan, spaces of memory, symbolic map, mapping of memory


In this article, which is a component of a larger study of the cultural memory of the Revolution of Dignity in Ukraine prior to russia’s full-scale invasion on February 24, 2022, the spatial dimension of this memory is examined. Space-based commemoration is essential for the collective, shared 154 perpetuation of events. Initially, the location or territory is subject to spontaneous memorialization, followed by institutionalization. The institutionalization of the Revolution of Dignity’s memory may involve state memory policies, the establishment of relevant institutions and organizations, particularly the Museum, legislation, and multilevel measures. Consequently, there are distinct places and spaces: those that generate new meanings and interact differently with the pretext and context, the audience, and society as a whole, and those that “block positive meaning-making”. In any case, it is important to note that the gradual memorialization of a location distances people from the actual past. This is one of space memory’s many paradoxes. Using the example of a symbolic map of Kiev and a scaled map of protests throughout Ukraine, the author then clarifies the common and unique characteristics of the memorialization of the Revolution of Dignity in space. Maidan Nezalezhnosti [Kyiv’s Independence Square] has become the spiritual center of the protests. A historical map of the Revolution in Kiev depicts the entire area, including Maidan Nezalezhnosti, Hrushevska, Instytutska, Bankova, and Khreschatyk, among others. Some of these locations were renamed in accordance with the new memory semantics following the revolution; for example, on November 20, 2014, the Alley of the Heroes of the Heavenly Hundred was renamed Instytutska. In the interim, protests occurred simultaneously in Kiev and all other regions of Ukraine, which were influenced by the events occurring in the capital but also developing their own resistance strategies. Monuments as markers on the city’s symbolic map, particularly the monument to Taras Shevchenko in Luhansk, Kharkiv, Mykolaiv, Kherson, and Donetsk, played an essential role in the spatial consolidation of regional Euromaidans. Regional and local memory policies are based on nominal recognition and general commemoration of 2013–2014 events, according to the article. The renaming of spaces and locations is an additional dominant tool at all levels. In 2014, for instance, more than thirty streets, alleys, and squares were renamed in honor of the Heavenly Hundred. In conclusion, a central idea is that the traumatic memory and valor of the Revolution’s participants must be preserved in space. Labeling and organizing memorialization and commemoration spaces and locations are crucial steps in memory preservation and overcoming cultural trauma. In the interim, the key achievements of Euromaidan should be enshrined in the new Ukrainian society’s ethos of freedom and dignity, values, and conduct. This process continues despite the fact that Ukraine is currently defending its freedom and dignity in a full-scale, bloody war waged by Russia.


Assman, A. Prostory spohadu. Formy ta transformatsii kulturnoi pamiati. Kyiv: Nika-Tsentr, 2012.

Bondar, H., Dobroer, O., Kovtunovych, T., Morozova, O., Stukalova, O., Pryvalko, T., et al., eds. Maidan vid pershoi osoby. Rehionalnyi vymir. Vol. 3 (2). Kyiv, 2018.

Chabaniuk, O. “Prostir Maidanu: symvolichnyi ta metafizychnyi aspekty”. In Revoliutsiia Hidnosti: na shliakhu do istorii, eds. I. Poshyvailo, L. Onyshko, 353–360. Kyiv: Natsionalnyi muzei Revoliutsii Hidnosti, 2020.

Kovtunovych, T., & T. Pryvalko, eds. Maidan vid pershoi osoby. Mystetstvo na barykadakh. Vol. 2. Kyiv, 2016.

Lotman, Ju. Izbrannye stat’i. Vol. 1: Stat’i po semiotike i tipologii kul’tury. Tallinn, 1992.

Lotman, Ju. Izbrannye stat’i. Vol. 2: Stat’i po istorii russkoj literatury XVIII — pervoj poloviny XIX veka. Tallinn, 1992.

“M³: Maidan. Memorial. Muzei”. Natsionalnyi memorialnyi kompleks Heroiv Nebesnoi Sotni – Muzei Revoliutsii Hidnosti, 5.06.2022.

“Memorial pamiati Heroiv Nebesnoi Sotni u Lvovi, abo mistse pamiati nashoho chasu”. Fotohrafii staroho Lvova, 16.12.2019.

“Muzei Maidanu opryliudnyv sotsiolohichne doslidzhennia ta naukove vydannia pro Revoliutsiiu hidnosti”. Ukrainskyi instytut natsionalnoi pamiati, 26.02.2021.

“Naitsikavishe z dyskusii «Vyklyky ta praktyky komemoratsii pislia Maidanu»”. Muzei Maidanu, 26.01.2019.

Nora, P., Ozuf, M. P., Pjuimezh, Zh. de & M. Vinok. Francija-pamjat’. Sankt-Peterburg, 1999.

Onyshko, L. “Maibutnii memorial Heroiv Nebesnoi Sotni yak terytoriia pamiati”. Natsionalnyi memorialnyi kompleks Heroiv Nebesnoi Sotni – Muzei Revoliutsii Hidnosti, 5.06.2022.

“Persha premiia v konkursi na Muzei Maidanu: proekt № 1002”. Natsionalnyi memorialnyi kompleks Heroiv Nebesnoi Sotni – Muzei Revoliutsii Hidnosti, 5.06.2022.

“«Piano Extremist» z Maidanu zihrav pid Administratsiieiu prezydenta”. Hromadske, 10.12.2016.

“Poroshenko prysvoiv Heroiv Ukrainy Nebesnii sotni”. Ukrainska pravda, 21.11.2014.

“Pro zatverdzhennia planu zakhodiv iz vshanuvannia podvyhu uchasnykiv Revoliutsii Hidnosti ta uvichnennia pamiati Heroiv Nebesnoi Sotni na 2021–2025 roky”. Rozporiadzhennia Kabinetu ministriv Ukrainy. Verkhovna Rada Ukrainy, 17.02.2021.

Pryshliak, Nadiia. “Sered 14–18-richnykh ukraintsiv riven znan pro podii Revoliutsii hidnosti nevysokyi – opytuvannia”. UNIAN, 23.11.2021.

Skorokhod, O. “Prostrileni kasky, «iolka», polova kukhnia, katapulta — vse tse vzhe v muzei”. Muzei Maidanu, 12.04.2017.

“Sotnyk Parasiuk: Maidan maie buty v holovi u kozhnoho, a ne v tsentri Kyieva”. Ukr.Media, 28.05.2014.

“Ukrainske suspilstvo maie imunitet vid sprob znetsinyty Maidan – Drobovych”. Ukrinform, 22.02.2021.

“Ukraintsi vid Lvova do Donetska takozh vykhodiat na mitynhy”. Ukrainska pravda, 22.11.2013.

“Uriad zatverdyv plan zakhodiv iz vshanuvannia podvyhu uchasnykiv Revoliutsii Hidnosti na 2021–2025 roky”. Uriadovyi portal, 17.02.2021.

Vara, O. “Osnovni pryntsypy ta sposoby muzeiefikatsii pamiatky istorii na alei Heroiv Nebesnoi Sotni v Kyievi”. ”. In Revoliutsiia Hidnosti: na shliakhu do istorii, eds. I. Poshyvailo, L. Onyshko, 31–40. Kyiv: Natsionalnyi muzei Revoliutsii Hidnosti, 2020.

Verbytska, P. “Kulturna pamiat yak chynnyk konstruiuvannia identychnosti v umovakh transformatsii ukrainskoho suspilstva”. Historical and Cultural Studies 5 (1) (2018): 15–22.

“Verkhovna Rada vyznala Revoliutsiiu hidnosti derzhavotvorchoiu podiieiu”. Ukrainskyi instytut natsionalnoi pamiati, 17.02.2021.

“Zlovmysnyk, yakyi zruinuvav pamiatnyk Nebesnii sotni, ne rozkaiuietsia u skoienomu i hotovyi povtoryty akt vandalizmu”. Tsenzor.Net, 7.10.2017.



How to Cite

Semeryn , K. (2023). MAPPING OF MEMORY ABOUT THE 2013– 2014 REVOLUTION OF DIGNITY IN UKRAINE. City: History, Culture, Society, (14), 136–154.



Modern Transformations of the City Space