THE HISTORY OF STUDYING WOMEN’S JEWELRY ATTIRE OF SMOLENSK-POLOTSK LONG BARROWS CULTURE: RESULTS AND THE CURRENT STATE

Authors

  • Viktoria Tarasevich Belarus State University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15407/mics2020.11.037

Keywords:

Smolensk-Polotsk long barrows culture, Belarusian Dvina region, women’s jewelry attire, E.A. Schmidt, V.V. Sedov, V.V. Enukov, V.S. Nefyodov, Krivichi

Abstract

The article is devoted to the history of studying, as well as to the analysis of how deeply women’s metal attire (suit) of Smolensk-Polotsk long barrows culture is studied, which is usually identified with the Krivichs from annalistic chronicles. The author analyzed a number of scientific publications, on the basis of which it was concluded that a focused study of this issue had begun in the 1960s. In the studies of women’s jewellery attire of the Krivichs three periods can be distinguished. The initial period (1960s – early 1990s) is characterized by a gradual departure from the perception of women’s attire of “the culture of long barrows” only as a source of research. Attire became the subject of research.

The second period (1990s – 2017) is characterized by studying of women’s attire in terms of the Culture of Smolensk-Polotsk Long Barrows (SPLBK) on purpose. At that time, fairly detailed typologies of particular elements of the SPLBK women’s attire appeared. Since 2017 the third period has begun (2017 – present). It is determined based on discovery of moundless burials of the KSPDK in which new “atypical” women’s jewellery is found. It makes researchers rethink the tradition of a funeral rite and specific elements of the Krivichi women’s attire E.A. Schmidt, V.V. Sedov, V.V. Enukov, V.S. Nefyodov are among the main researchers. As a result of multiple years research, things that act as “cultural markers” were identified. Typologies and a chronology of individual elements of women’s metal attire were suggested: temple rings, head ornaments, holders. It has been established that in the study of women’s jewellery attire SPLBK the “micro-regional approach” prevails: typologies of inventory are predominantly based on materials from Smolensk part of the cultural area. Thus, there is a ‘gap’ between Russian and Belarusian researchers in how deeply women’s metal attire is studied.

In Belarus, the study of its local characteristics and chronology has just begun. 

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Published

2021-02-10

How to Cite

Tarasevich В. . (2021). THE HISTORY OF STUDYING WOMEN’S JEWELRY ATTIRE OF SMOLENSK-POLOTSK LONG BARROWS CULTURE: RESULTS AND THE CURRENT STATE. City History, Culture, Society, (11 (4), 37–56. https://doi.org/10.15407/mics2020.11.037

Issue

Section

Historiography and Methodology