BETWEEN CITY AND VILLAGE: FOOD CONSUMPTION PRACTICES IN THE EVERYDAY LIFE OF THE UKRAINIAN INTELLIGENTSIA (THE LATE 19th – EARLY 20th CC.)

Authors

  • Olga Kazakevych National Pedagogical Dragomanov University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15407/mics2019.07.097

Keywords:

food consumption practices, intelligentsia, fast, Ukrainian cuisine, hospitality, traditional dishes

Abstract

The article is devoted to the food consumption practices of the Ukrainian-minded educated class during the late 19th – early 20th cc. It is based mainly on the memoirs and diaries. The author considers the fact that the intelligentsia was a relatively new social stratum which came into being by the middle of the 19th c. Most of its representatives, whether they were descendants of gentry or peasants, originated from the non-urban area. The Ukrainian-minded intellectuals maintained their connections with the countryside and its culture, spending their vacations in the rural area, hiring former peasants as cook-housekeepers etc. The author assumes that this was the main reason why the tastes and food habits of Ukrainian intelligentsia were to a large extent influenced by the traditional rural cuisine. It is clearly visible in the descriptions of the Christmas and Easter celebrations when mostly traditional dishes used to be cooked. Keeping a fast was also a common practice for both Orthodox rural population and the urban intelligentsia. As the author points out, meetings of the Ukrainian-minded intellectuals in Kyiv were usually accompanied by the feasts and banquets. At these banquets, the demonstration of hospitality and largess was highly important and the dishes of people’s cuisine (recognized as national and democratic) were especially popular. However, a new experience of consuming international food and drinks in the urban milieu progressively transformed tastes of the Ukrainian intelligentsia. Travelling abroad contributed significantly to the changing of domestic food practices. In general, the author comes to the conclusion that during the late 19th – early 20th cc. food consumption practices of the Ukrainian intelligentsia used to be a mixture of the Ukrainian gastronomic traditions and international (mostly European) cuisine. 

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Published

2019-11-25

How to Cite

Kazakevych, O. . (2019). BETWEEN CITY AND VILLAGE: FOOD CONSUMPTION PRACTICES IN THE EVERYDAY LIFE OF THE UKRAINIAN INTELLIGENTSIA (THE LATE 19th – EARLY 20th CC.) . City History, Culture, Society, (7), 97–106. https://doi.org/10.15407/mics2019.07.097