Sergiy TARANENKO. Settlement structure of Kyiv Podil in Ancient Rus time: Formation and development

This book questions the formation and development of the planned structure of Podil — one of the oldest urban quarters of Kyiv. The study considers both archaeology of Kyiv Rus cities and common trends in urbanization processes of Medieval Europe. The chapter on the history of research includes the analysis of main categories of records, including the maps of New Time — plans of Kyiv made in 1695 and 1803 that became the base for the formation of a new record — digital archaeological map. Stages of investigations in Kyiv Podil are also represented in this chapter.

System approach to the study of the planned structure of Podil identified the issues of reconstruction of the hydrological network and ancient landscape. Complex archaeological and landscape study conducted in collaboration with S. Romanchuk resulted in preliminary conclusions regarding the natural and anthropogenic development of Podil in Ancient Rus time.

Analysis of the stability constants of the planned structure, i. e. streets, fences etc., led to the conclusion that may be used in studies of other medieval cities. Information regarding the average size of the homesteads and quarters gathered in the 1970s was confirmed by the results of excavations in the north-western part of Podil. Homesteads of the high strata of the Ancient Rus society were found. Houses and other dwellings were distributed in space according to perimeter principle with empty courts. Houses were located within the homestead or near one its sides, in parallel to the fences.

Archaeological investigations of the last years resulted in the identification of the border of Podil in Ancient Rus time that allows estimation of the size of Podil starting from the 12 century. The border of this quarter was identified in the result of the mapping of the Ancient Rus cemeteries. One of these groups included the so-called border cemeteries that were not used after the exceeding of city size in the 11 century.

Besides «Torgovishche», known from written records, four other places of squares were assumed. Markets and churches were dominant in the areas of this type. Other principles of the location of markets are also presented in this book.

Manufacturing complexes were generally located in the north-western part of Podil. Three other spatial groups of workshops represent different types of production. This allows the identification of patterns in the spatial distribution of workshops within Podil.

This book contains the most complete information regarding archaeological studies in Kyiv Podil.

 

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